March 10, 2017

Are political parties less popular than the kayak federation?

For the writer Alexandre Jardin, on the initiative of the “Primary of the French”, the political parties have fewer members than the French Federation of petanque or canoe-kayak. One way or another to make aware of their weak representativeness.



He is one of the instigators of a movement that hopes to change the face of the 2017 presidential election. Alexandre Jardin is the founder of the collective citizen Bleu, Blanc, Zèbre , which brings together associations, town halls, companies and Mutuals for a better political life. A ” do-tank” oriented towards the solving of social problems by the involvement of citizens.

The movement militates alongside five other organizations ( Citizen Generations , CAP 21-LRC, We Citizens , Transition , and Civic Pact ) for a primary independent of political parties, soberly called “the Primary of the French”.

To justify in the media this need for alternative and renewal, the writer has repeatedly used a comparison between major political parties and sports federations, such as April 11 at the microphone of France Info .

“The question is whether, in the autumn, we will end up with the primary of the small right-wing parties and the primary of the small left-wing parties. I say small parties because, in reality, if you add up the people who are in the Socialist Party or the Republicans, it is less crowded than in the French Federation of petanque or canoeing. “

The formula is effective, but does the comparison really tilt in favor of bakers and kayakers? The Socialist Party and kayak list, gathering some 100,000 members – according to the latest estimate of the first secretary of the party, Jean-Christophe Cambadélis – and the Republicans counting238,200, the total amounted to 338,200. What about petanque players and canoeing enthusiasts?

The French federation of petanque that we contacted counts 296.390 players of licensed balls inscribed on the federal lists, while the French federation of canoe-kayak counts 43.839 paddlers in its ranks. There are more members of our two political parties – according to the official count – than licensed in these two sports practices.

A media trap that works

So why have you set your sights on canoeing and pétanque? When asked the question, Alexander Garden expressed his annoyance: “That is exactly what I do not like in public life. I do not want a logic of small sentences to outweigh the action on the ground. ”  He nevertheless admits that these comparisons make him ” laugh a lot “,  their true purpose being to express a ” distortion Extraordinary between the image that the French make of political parties and what they are in reality “:”

“If we remove the number of people who are elected from those numbers, I do not think there would be much left. And among the members who are supposed to be up to date, how many have a real involvement? “

According to the founder of the movement Bleu, Blanc, Zèbre, these parties want to “lock up the constitutional system” while they represent only a minority of voters.

Alexandre Jardin could therefore use other examples. As France Info says , there are as many volleyball licensees as members of the PS, and as many karatekas as adherents to the Republicans, if one keeps to the official figures of the parties. The latter are far behind football, which counts in France two million licensed, and tennis, which has one million.

March 1, 2017

Best Comparison of cast iron pans

The cast iron pans or cast iron have become popular lately, due to its good performance in general and its reputation for clean and healthy, but should take into account some details not tobe dissatisfied when buying our cast iron skillets, Since, as it usually happens in all the orders of life, not everything is white or black; Gray also exists.

What is the 2 best thing about cast iron pans ?

In general, as I indicated in the Comparison of frying pans (1): Teflon, ceramics, iron and titanium , cast iron pans have the advantage of developing a natural non-stick power if used in the right way. In addition, cast iron as such does not release toxic substances, but rather the opposite, as it provides dietary iron to food.

Obviously, there are cast iron pans sold with non-stick coatings like Teflon®, but if we stick to the analysis of iron as a material used as a unique material for the surface of a frying pan, one of the most outstanding values ​​by consumers conscious in The present, is the absence of PFOA and PTFE .

Finally, irrespective of whether or not they have extra or no coatings, cast iron pans are all suitable for induction , and therefore for glass-ceramic, gas, electricity and most types of kitchens, even for oven (as long as they do not Have handles or other parts of plastic, wood, etc.).

Tips for using and cleaning cast iron pans

If you are determined to buy a cast iron skillet , the bad (or the least good) of these is that, by not wearing an artificial non-stick coating, they will require some pampering and a little patience on your part during the first uses, Since it will be from the moment the oil penetrates the micro pores of the cast iron when the pans are acquiring the tone as far as its anti-adherent power is concerned. It is somewhat similar to what I explained in the article on How to Heal a Steel Frying Pan .

At the time of use for cooking, cast iron pans should be preheated to medium or medium-high heat before putting ingredients on them.

Lastly, the basic care of a cast iron skillet is not to put them under any circumstances in the dishwasher, and to thoroughly dry them after each wash. Once dried, in addition, and especially during the first 5 uses, we will have to grease them with a cloth or paper stained with olive oil.

Selection of cast iron pans

Of course, not all iron pans have the same quality, not all the same price, not all offer the same performance. The following are four models of cast iron frying pans of four different ranges, which serve to illustrate some of the details to which I have just referred:


Cast Iron Frying Pan Lodge· With measures of 26 cm. Diameter and 5 cm. Thick, this frying pan is sturdy and somewhat heavy, but offers optimum performance from day one, with a factory-applied natural non-stick treatment.

· With its iron handle and auxiliary handle, this pan is designed to be used in the oven if necessary.

· Considering the prestige of the Lodge brand, the price seems quite reasonable.


Cast iron skillet Le Creuset

· High-end pan of 24 cm. Whose main value is the glazed finish of the exclusive cast iron of Le Creuset, popularized in its famous cast iron Cocottes .

· Vitrified cast iron allows to wash the pan in the dishwasher, although I would prefer to wash it by hand with all possible care. On the contrary, by having wood components in the handle, you can not put it in the oven.

· It is expensive, but the quality and prestige of the brand make it the object of desire of the kitchen gurus.

I hope the information has helped you. Now, as always, I await your comments and input on your experience with the cast steel pans you have tried.

December 28, 2016

Government health: Types of Acne

Acne takes many forms. Although most are usually found on the face, acne goes from mild to severe and can be located anywhere on the body. Most often mild, self-treated cases are manageable. You can also use pilaten mask.  However, serious cases should be treated under the supervision of health professionals, such as dermatologists.

Acne vulgaris, translated as ‘common acne’, is the most common type of acne. It is better known as blackheads, hairy, papules, pustules, nodules or cysts.

Black spots – occur in partially blocked pores. Dead skin cells, bacteria and sebum (that is, the substance that causes skin) drain to the surface of the skin; The pigments are exposed to the air, which makes the color black. Blackheads can take a long time to clear.

Hairy – figure below the surface of the skin, sebum trapped, dead cells and bacteria are completely blocked in the pores.

Pustules – with the appearance of a red circle with a white or yellow center, this form of acne is more often called grains or Zits.

Nodules – much larger than other forms of acne, nodules form hard bumps beneath the surface of the skin that can be painful and last for several months. Highly susceptible to scarring, this form of acne recommends being treated by a dermatologist.

Cysts – Similar to a lump, this form of acne is filled with pus. Nodules, cysts can be very painful and lead to scarring if left untreated. Cysts should be treated by a dermatologist.

Acne Conglobata – more common in men than in women, this rare form of acne vulgaris is extremely deforming. Form of large lesions on the face, chest, back, buttocks, arms and thighs, sometimes accompanied by numerous black spots. Acne Conglobata can cause great psychological suffering like physical damage to the skin and permanent scarring. This condition can last for several years.

Acne Fulminant – A Sudden Acne Case Conglobata, with Fever and Joint Aches. It is usually treated with oral steroids.

Gram-negative Folliculitis – a bacterial infection that causes pustules and cysts, this form of acne can be caused by the treatment of acne with long-term antibiotics.

Facial pyoderma – affecting only women generally between the ages of 20 and 40, most commonly in women who have never had acne before, this type of acne consists of painful pustules, cysts and nodules on the face. It is possible that permanent healing. Usually cleared within one year.

Acne rosacea – which particularly affect people over 30, causes acne rosacea a red rash on the face. Grains or other imperfections of the skin may also be present. This should not be confused with acne vulgaris as there are two different treatments for these types. Acne rosacea occurs more frequently in women than men, but is more serious in those affecting men.


December 24, 2016

Medicaid Program (Government Health Plan)

Medicaid is a program through which the Federal Government provides assistance to states and territories, essendon health and sports centre to pay for the medical expenses of certain low-income groups.

This Program began in Puerto Rico on January 1, 1966, under the Social Security Law, adding Title XIX sections 1901 through 1910.



Everyone can voluntarily apply for and be evaluated in our Local Offices. See directory .

Note: Foreigners with permanent residence permits in the United States have a waiting period to apply for benefits if the permit was granted after August 22, 1996.



To apply call our Call Center at (787) 641-4224 Monday through Friday from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm.


  1. Photo Identification Card (eg driver’s license, voting card)
  2. Original and copy of the Social Security Card (of all the members of the family unit)
  3. If you receive income from Social Security
    1. Copy of the check (of all the members of the family unit who receive Social Security)
    2. If it is through direct deposit to your bank, copy of the statement
    3. You may also provide a copy of the letter sent to you by the Social Security Administration at the beginning of the year
  4. If you receive pension income (retirement, veterans, military or disability)
    1. Copy of check or check
    2. If it is through direct deposit to your bank, copy the statement of account.
  5. Copy of Marriage Certificate (if applicable)
  6. Evidence of Studies of children living in the home
  7. Receipt of Water, Light or Telephone
  8. If pregnant, copy of pregnancy test
  9. If there is a Divorce or Separation must present evidence of it
    1. If foreigner must present evidence of US citizenship or legal residence



If you receive income through:

  • Work (either by employer, own account or occasional)
  • Social Security
  • Pension
  • Help from a relative
  • Other

If you have drug costs

If you have:

  1. Some Medical Plan
  2. Second property
  3. Savings account

NOTE :You may be required be any document or additional to those mentioned here according to their socio-economic status information.



To be able to attend to your request for benefits and be evaluated in accordance with current rules and procedures:

  1. Go to your appointment on the day and at the time.
  2. Arrive at your appointment 15 minutes in advance.
  3. Be sure to bring all the documents requested to you.


Your duties and responsibilities

Once you are evaluated as eligible:

  1. You have the responsibility to submit all the documents requested and provide all the information necessary to make the eligibility determination.
  2. You have the responsibility to go to the Medicaid Office whenever you are summoned in order to clarify any situation that may arise in your case.
  3. It is your duty to keep your certification to the Government Health Plan (My Health). Go to your re-certification appointment.

December 22, 2016

Chiapas starts with the design of a functional landscape restoration strategy

The Government of Chiapas and IUCN will work together to promote the functional restoration of the landscape in the State, promoting “green development” and promoting the increase of carbon sequestration and other ecosystem services.

Photo: Luciana Ludlow Paz

Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, March 10, 2016. With an official event of the Ministry of Environment and Natural History (SEMAHN) of the State of Chiapas, the design strategy functional landscape restoration for the state was launched. This launch follows the expression of interest signed by the State Governor, Mr. Manuel Velasco Coello, to develop and implement a strategy to restore the productivity and functionality of deforested and degraded landscapes in Chiapas and to define a Formal commitment (in hectares) in the Bonn Challenge, a global initiative proposing the restoration of 150 million hectares of deforested and degraded land by 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.
The event, funded by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), was organized with the purpose of bringing together government, producer and civil society sectors that will participate in the development of this strategy through a participatory process that will take place With the support of IUCN and its allies, over the next 10-15 months. In this process, the Government of Chiapas will act as the principal agent, seeking the collaboration and direct participation of other interested parties, specifically other agencies, as well as representatives of civil society and local community organizations.
During the meeting, a programmatic calendar was established to define the potential for restoration and to identify actions and financing strategies, using the ROAM (Restoration Opportunity Assessment Methodology) methodology. This process will be based on a landscape design melbourne restoration concept that allows the recovery of its functionality in terms of support to productive systems (agriculture, livestock, forestry) and considering associated ecosystem services, such as habitat provision for biodiversity, capture Of carbon and regulation of hydrological flow, among others.
The recovery of these functions for the degraded areas of Chiapas will contribute to improving the livelihoods of the local population and at the same time will support the compliance at jurisdictional level of the national goals established by the Government of Mexico in the framework of its international commitments, Such as compliance with CBD’s Aichi Objective 15, the UNFCCC REDD + target and the Rio + 20 land degradation target, and at the state level with the Rio Branco Declaration on rural low-emission development signed by the Government of Chiapas in the framework of the Working Group of Governors on Climate and Forest (GCF).
The landscape functional restoration strategy will also support the implementation of the Chiapas State Development Plan 2013-2018 and the achievement of its objectives, in particular: to increase the profitability of agricultural activity in the State with sustainable criteria; Generate jobs by promoting the attraction of domestic and foreign investment based on green economy business models; To consolidate the implementation of ecological and territorial planning programs and their inclusion in all territorial programs; To promote forestry development as an instrument for the conservation of ecosystems and the engine of the economy, to conserve the natural capital of the State by strengthening the conservation and sustainable use of native species and reducing the degradation and fragmentation of habitats; Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants through the reduction of emissions produced by land-use change and by implementing a participatory and inclusive state strategy for climate change. The restoration of the landscape and a potential future commitment of the State Government in the global initiative of the Bonn Challenge will contribute to promote the value of Chiapas in the world, promoting international cooperation in strategic issues for the development of the State.

December 21, 2016

What was discussed at the first meeting between students and the Hong Kong government

Thousands of protesters in Hong Kong followed live from the streets the debate between student leaders and government representatives. Three large screens and projectors bought from were installed  in the main tent protest camp in the Admiralty district, near government offices, with periodic ovations to student leader statements and booing when Chief Secretary Carrie Lam , Intervened during the dialogue.

Carrie Lam, the number two of the Hong Kong government, opened the round of shifts making clear the position that the Executive has been defending so far: “Any political development taking place in Hong Kong must comply with what is endorsed in the Basic Law of Hong Kong, in which Beijing has a primary role. ”
In the closing session of interventions, Lam put on the table four possible proposals.
The first is a possible room for maneuver, within the guidelines set by the Beijing government, to shape the 2017 electoral framework so that it could satisfy part of the students’ requests.
In a second point, Lam opened the possibility of a constitutional reform from 2017, after the elections to the head of Government of Hong Kong.
Lam also raised the idea of creating a platform where views from different sectors about constitutional reform are collected beyond 2017. In
addition, Lam said the Government would be considering a report on the vision of citizens, under Occupy movement, about the electoral reform, to get it to the Executive in Beijing.
“We can not deny that in the last month, the boycott initiated by you is a large-scale social movement and its impact is far-reaching,” Lam told the students during his speech.

Alex Chow, the secretary general of the Federation of Students, told a post-dialogue press conference that they had not heard concrete proposals from the Government to resolve the issues they had raised, such as the free nomination of candidates for Head of Government in the elections of 2017. in
addition, he appealed to democratic reform grant free nomination of candidates to end the wealth gap in Hong Kong and not continue “deprived of political rights to one million people living in poverty” Chow said.

In the middle of the debate, Lester Shum, another representative of the Federation of Students, expressed his disappointment at the Government’s speech: “He has only asked us to accept the decision of the National People’s Congress.”
“We have not heard anything about how the government is going to solve the current political problem,” he added.

The panel appointed to elect candidates for the Hong Kong election in 2017 could be made “more democratic,” Leung said before the talks began.

After the meeting, the students said they have yet to decide whether to hold further talks and the street and camp cuts continue.

December 19, 2016


There are more than 300 kilometers of rainwater drainage channels that exist throughout the city and were awarded for the cleaning service to 11 companies who applied through Public Bidding, carried out by the Neighborhood Action Secretariat. Today the weeding and macheteo works started in the public infrastructure, for the later entrance of the machinery of retirement.


The cleaning of the drainage channels will be carried out in a sectorized way, by adjoining areas, so as to operationalize and give greater agility to the works. This was stated by Eng. Edil aponte, Neighborhood Action Secretary, who was present in the channel Pedro Vélez, located in the fourth ring, between radial 26 and 27, where the cleaning began.


“It starts the service for all the drainage channels of the city and will continue for the next 8 months, in order to achieve greater foresight before the rains and the possibility of flooding,” said the mayor, who also confirmed a municipal investment Of about 16 million Bolivians, necessary to make the contracts for such maintenance effective.


The cleaning of the channels consists of the extraction of the vegetation that grows in the lining of the infrastructure, called by the technicians as “shoulder pads” of the channels, for later withdrawal with the corresponding machinery. The work will be carried out in parallel and simultaneous, with different task groups of the 11 awarded companies, which will also be monitored by a municipal prosecutor.


In the case of the drainage canal Pedro Vélez, the cleaning will be extended for a full month, as confirmed by Eng. José Clever Coronado, Director of Maintenance of Civil Works and Pluvial Drainage, one of the best company in vancouver wa. This is so, because the extension of the infrastructure is approximately 9 kilometers in length, in addition to include the surrounding arms, the complementary channels and the contributors from the 5th to the seventh.

“In the case of drains located in market areas, such as the Abasto, Barrio Lindo Fair or the same Cumavi, where garbage accumulation is daily, cleaning and maintenance will also be done day-to-day”, Said the official of the commune of Santa Cruz.

Citizen collaboration is fundamental in this subject, as in many others. Both the authorities and the technicians of the municipality recommend greater urban awareness in the face of waste and the accumulation of garbage, so as to avoid that the residues are united in the channels and obstruct also The drainage of the waters.

April 21, 2016

The political brain or how to make you choose

What motivates someone to choose a particular candidate, to vote blank or challenge your vote? A recent conference discussed how a voter decides. Come and see.

When the French government decided to create a neuropolitics office in May 2010, it was thought that Nicolas Sarkozy had finally gone mad. Or that the former model and singer Carla Bruni Italian had filled his head with so many pro-scientific speculations that the French president had capitulated to the lobby of white overalls. But it was not the case. The foundation of this then new unity government led by researcher Olivier Oullier, rather, was in line with a trend, a fashion still in vogue, that obstinacy of prefixing the “neuro” prefix to almost everything: neuromarketing, neuro, neuroadministración , neuroethics, neurosociology, neuroarte, as if the latest discoveries in brain science have led to a conceptual earthquake of such magnitude that the other disciplines were forced to rearrange their chips and prepare for a reclassification.

Politics, obviously, was no exception. The temptation was too great. Functional magnetic resonance scanners and the various methods that lay bare the brain gave first access to consultants and other political animals that barred black box for millennia; that true terra incognita always wanted to know and invade refiner and ensure the success of their strategies and claims: the brain of the voter inside the gelatinous and heaping mass of one hundred billion neurons in which the vote is brewing, always screening by prejudice, dogmatism and fanaticism that us admit it or not, we all have.

Would Machiavelli written Prince if he had had with these tools? As with most ucronías, there are no certainties. The truth is that the “social neuroscience” as they like to define this new breed of researchers who apply the exact sciences in the most inaccurate environments: society and human-behavior ever more insistently open the windows of the mind to bring you a cautious response to old questions: What reactions when a person listens, watches, look at a politician? What motivates a person to vote a certain candidate, to cast blank ballots or deposit a slice of salami in the envelope? Is there a brain “left” and a brain “right”? What happens in the dark labyrinth of the brain during an election campaign? The least there, you know these researchers, it is coldly. It collapsed while the rational choice theory and extinct homo economicus, recent studies reveal that we do not vote taking into account the specific facts. Rather, we vote for our values, closely linked to emotions.

“The decision is not a logical or computational process. It is guided by the emotional neuroscientist He points Facundo Manes, director of the Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO) which, together with the consulting Stark Labs and fatorgenius suplemento, recently organized the international conference “The political brain” -. We live making decisions. Life is this: choose. We do not process the pros and cons of each choice. Decision making is automatic, unconscious in most cases and is guided by emotion. The political vote does not escape this logic. ”

Research has shown that when a person listens to the speech of a political candidate rational areas of the brain are activated unless the emotional areas. What follows-a wave of posters and their corresponding spots overdose campaign- do little more than ratify a decision and inclination for a candidate and to strengthen an aversion for their opponents. Hence the voter usually will not move when the facts do not fit their frames of values, some kind of neuronal switch is turned off and the dissonant facts are simply ignored. That is, our brain -so allergic to Internal- conflict blocks rational information might change our opinion.

When searching the brain roots politics is not surprising that social neuroscientists point to the frontal lobes, that region to which the great Russian neuropsychologist Alexander Luria defined several decades ago as the “organ of civilization” there lies the essence of an individual, the core of the personality, impulses and ambitions.Only humans reach a significant development and there the most advanced and complex brain functions, executive functions are performed: they are the headquarters of intentionality, anticipation, complex decision making. As the neuropsychologist Elkhonon account Goldberg in his magisterial book The executive brain, the frontal lobes are the brain what a director of an orchestra, an army general, the executive director of a company.

For more than repeat what matters is what’s inside, the physical features of a person influence us to evaluate it, especially if that person intends to govern a country or a city. “Human beings make judgments based on the faces in fractions of a second in relation to two aspects: whether a subject is affordable or should avoid and if it is weak or strong -Indicates the Bulgarian cognitive psychologist at the University Alexander Todorov of Princeton, U.S-. Our brains are wired to look at faces and infer the intentions of others. We always wondered if that person has good or bad intentions. In the case of politics, voters rely heavily on facial appearance when choosing a candidate, judge their maturity, their masculinity or femininity, his firmness, his emotional stability, and in particular their leadership qualities . “the curious -or not so much is that studies show that people with less education-and more hours of television encima- are taking electoral decisions based almost exclusively on the appearance of a candidate and not so much in their medical records, promises (or lack thereof).

As the neurobiologist Ralph Adolphs, professor of psychology at California Institute of Technology, in these processes are fundamental perception called “mirror neurons” -the empathy neurons, those discovered by Italian Giacomo Rizzolatti and help us understand the intentions of others. Are neurons of empathy with which we read the world.

Still in its infancy, the neuropolitics is heading to become a field capable of providing indications and suggestions that could well turn an election. Political advisers, however, must be patient. Despite repeated promises, the brain sciences are today where inorganic chemistry was in the days of Mendeleyev, seeking its principles of organization and developing appropriate scientific language. They have a reassuring guarantee, the fact that in recent decades learned more about how the human brain works in the history of mankind. Now, how this new knowledge will impact on education, economy and politics is a mystery.

February 19, 2016

15 politicians you should follow on Instagram

Not only politicians have doubts about laws, strategies and feedback. Also at some point today face the internal debate on whether to use the filter or choose Valencia Earlybird or Amaro. This happens when they get some of your photos to Instagram , social network of leaders who want more molar. And some are going wild over between shots in a stage giving a rally.

This is Yesgram’s selection of politicians Instagram accounts you should follow:

1- Cristina Cifuentes: cristinacifuentes

You will not resist any social network to the current president of the Community of Madrid. In his account not missing photos with José María Aznar, their cats Olimplia and Cleopatra and some of their favorites from the capital as the Temple of Debod and the church of San Antonio of the Germans corners.

2- ORIOL JUNQUERAS: junqueras

The leader of ERC delights us with images vintage, voting in 9-N, at a meeting with José Mújiga or staring into space while traveling in the AVE.

3- PEDRO SANCHEZ: sanchezcastejon

The secretary general of the PSOE is another addict Instagram, which perches on a train, buying on the Day of the Book, looking at his Facebook or correcting a speech during a flight to Palma de Mallorca.

4- HOPE AGUIRRE: esperanzaguirre

The president of the PP in Madrid does enjoy his followers with photos riding a bike, posing with Maria Teresa Campos and watching a bullfight in Las Ventas. Viva San Isidro!

5- ALBERT RIVERA: albertriveradiaz

The candidate of Citizens to La Moncloa is hooked on selfies on Instagram, either in front of the Giralda in Seville or El Programa de Ana Rosa .

IGNACIO 6- AGUADO: Iignacioaguado

Citizens spokesman in the Madrid Assembly has one of the funniest accounts. You can see it on a float during the Pride, playing with her dog collar, with the flag of Spain, and shopping at Zara Man.

7- Mariano Rajoy: marianorajoy

The Prime Minister closest through photos shown in a tapas bar in Pamplona, ​​becoming a selfie, with stick and all- and greeting neighbors Logroño. The other side of the chief executive.

8- EDUARDO MADINA: edumadina

It has the features indie of all Spanish political concerts of The Planets, Pop exhibition Thyssen and photos with Joaquín Reyes.

9- Javier Maroto: javiermarotovg

Deputy Secretary of Sector Popular Action Party has shifted away from photos of Vitoria, a city of which he was mayor until June to show his personal side since been promoted internally in the game.

ALBERTO 10- GARZÓN: agarzoniu

IU’s candidate for La Moncloa alternating images with home perched beach, acts of support for Syriza and moments of its activity in the Congress of Deputies. New policy.

11- Esteban Gonzalez Pons: egonzalezpons

MEP is another great fans of Instagram in Spain. Shows? His walks on the beach, their journeys runner Pablo Zalba, the Pope’s visit to the European Parliament … A mixture as explosive as addictive.

12- Artur Mas: artur_mas

It comes into its own as the 129th president of the Generalitat of Catalonia. He likes the photos Barcelona players, with his wife, fellow party as Xavier Trias and even with Sister Lucia.

13- JAUME Collboni: jcollboni

The leader of the PSC in Barcelona upload photos of salmorejo likes summer, a book on Jeff Koons, roads olive trees and walks with her husband. Pure Mediterranean.

14- OLTRA MONICA: monicaoltra_

Valencia vice president leaves for history in your account your uploaded on a float during the Pride march or hugging Joan Ribó after his proclamation as mayor and, of course, falls into the typical photo looking infinitive. It is unavoidable.

15- Emiliano García-Page: garciapage

The President of Castilla-La Mancha is also a big fan of this network and, moreover, has taken a lot during the campaign. It is now up the challenge of the transition from Instagram ‘opposition’ one government.

February 17, 2016

A fire destroyed official records in Economics

On Sunday the computer center of the Ministry of Finance was burned and thanks for timely help of water damage orange county, no one got injured. There the breakdown of expenditure of the Ministry is based. It is the fourth event of this year in key public areas.


Balcarce 186. One of the inputs of the Ministry of Economy. The fire was focused in an office on the fourth floor and left no visible traces from the outside. Diego Waldmann.

Balcarce 186. One of the inputs of the Ministry of Economy. The fire was focused in an office on the fourth floor and left no visible traces from the outside. Diego Waldmann.

 A mysterious fire broke out last weekend at the Ministry of Economy.With the mostly empty building, a computer center located on the fourth floor of the Palacio de Hacienda caught fire Sunday afternoon, the only day in which there are no employees working. the computer center of the Ministry of Finance, which contains the computers that control spending ministry archives burned.

The fire led to a police report and was admitted to Clarin by spokesmen and employees of Economics. This is the fourth fire this year in key areas of the state. In February, there were fires in the Pink House and the Senate and last month in the Libertador Building.

The Economy Ministry is one of the largest government headquarters and therefore more difficult to control. It consists of three buildings set on a block between Balcarce, Hipolito Yrigoyen, Paseo Colon and Alsina streets, where the Ministry of Industry and also work on the fourth floor living Planificación.En entire operational area of ​​Juan Carlos Pezoa, the holder the Ministry of Finance. It was in a small office on this floor, although far from the clerk’s office, located in the Directorate General Information Systems Financial Management towards the entrance of Balcarce 186, where the incident occurred.

According to the official version, which led to the fire was a short circuit in one of the air conditioners refrigeraba room.

What is striking is that the complaint was filed at the police station a day after second just after the event by the head of the area, Maria Eva Sanchez. The surveys to determine the extent of the damage extended into Wednesday afternoon. Sanchez went yesterday back to the police station to ratify the complaint.

According to Clarin reported sources close to the area, all the computers that were in the room where the cost control of the subsidiary portfolio that commands the secretariat was kept Pezoa burned. The official version instead speaks of “a principle of room fire testing of computer developments.” When asked about the damage and loss of information that could have led to the fire, the Ministry could not give details.

Another oddity of it is that while there was fire intervention, the scope of the flames did not spread outside the office in question. “The data center is a room where nobody works employee, are just computers and to prevent the room from overheating must be permanently cooled air conditioners,” he told this newspaper an employee of the area who asked that his identity be preserved.

Sunday the Ministry of Economy remains empty and there is no activity.But there are always the safety EMPLOYEES responsible for controlling the entrances. In addition, being such a large structure (there are 13 stories high and two underground) are calm with the obligation to make nightly rounds to oversee the different floors and there are security cameras distributed all over the building.

But the maintenance of the building is at least questionable, as the frequent complaints of some employees. In fact a few months ago also a technical malfunction have motivated another fire.

Among the union claims that are heard daily, included a delay of a year and a half in shopping technology elements needed to refurbish computers and electrical circuits. The packaging is missing on the electrical infrastructure motivated during the hottest days of constants outages were given in the building. In fact during the summer air conditioners hardly worked.

Pipes some floors are so old that the bathrooms smell of sewage, even when the cleaning staff cleans. Coffee floor 13 had to be closed because the roof was so damp that started to fall.

February 5, 2016

Pregnant politician wants an abortion


The Obgyn yesterday approved the draft ASi-call abortion law . This morning’s headlines were no strangers to the news .Before the change regulation of abortion, one of the things that most caught my attention was with regard to women should reflect for a minimum of seven days before surgery. I, that maybe I’m a little visceral, I thought,“legislates the PP under the presumption of imbecility citizen?”. So I said, it sounds a bit strong ; I will try to explain it.

Today, like it or not, access to information, from an early age, is almost infinite. Either way the information is intended to provide women with or without ultrasound pictures, the mother may previously having sought. Undoubtedly, there must be an informed consent for abortion. It is a decision of great significance in the life of the woman, but each of you to consider. However, the legislative policy of the PP in this and other areas seems to pivot about a kind of prior indoctrination. It seems to assume that the Spanish citizen is unable to learn, to demand information. It also gives the impression that professionals involved in the important decisions of our citizens are negligent. Thus it is extending the time for reflection of three to seven days.

The problems are not resolved properly but imposing deadlines forming society. A mature society will demand information; a weak society demand a nanny state to control all decisions.

I come to mind several issues that have to do with my profession: 1) Those who regularly appear in the notice saying that have not signed this or that-what document which is always a lie; 2) Parents wary children receiving the loan and always swear in Aramaic that are tricked; and, 3) The recent introduction of the need to draft manuscript stating soil being informed of mortgages. It seems that in this country have abused both of us fools in the end has come to the government a party that treats us as such.

On the other side, too, before the end of the regulation on abortion, it strikes me that there are certain matters of utmost importance for the daily life of our society, which are likely to be changed depending on the color group rule. Certain social plots, marriage, education, abortion … should be agreed and controlled stably. pendulous legislative changes give an authentic picture of Banana Republic. It is another symptom of the lack of maturity does our society? Do our politicians? Is our democracy? you can not vote, elect a party such as deciding to be Real Madrid or Barcelona. Nor does it seem healthy there are only two options that engulf the others.

On the issue of abortion, personally, I have not received a social need to change the law. I will live in a hood. There are other issues of concern to the more Spanish society. It seems that it is to impose a way of thinking so vindictive.

I am not a woman. I think it’s very easy to talk not in a position; representing an abortion is something that either exists or can hardly be narrated as if you were living in the first person; but I think:

  1. If Europe is powered by a system of limits and we in Europe … A few wise words should suffice. Maybe we should empezarnos believe what the European Union and standardize certain ways of thinking and understanding things.
  2. Having or not having a child affects only women. In Spain paternal affiliation legally is weak and is subject to the prior determination of the breast. The father during pregnancy has no business.
  3. She accompany the child to the mother throughout his life and condition the free development of women , which may be particularly significant in a case of unwanted pregnancy.
  4. The Spanish woman age abort which generally targeted by the Act, is the daughter of the current democracy , of our political system and values ​​imposed after the Constitution; laws like the one aim and attitudes as the movers say very little in favor of the progress made ​​in the last thirty-five years. How sad!
  5. In the end, as in many other things, there will be abortion to abortion for rich and poor. Is it advisable to return to the time when the Spanish aborted in London?

Well, again, I think that our politicians act with remarkable hypocrisy and are dedicated to legislate for the gallery; what it is not where they think it’s the gallery. Do you think our politicians are up to our society? Is our society made enough? It is mature our democracy?

February 2, 2016

20 great films with political and social content

Here a collection of tapes from various countries that refer to situations and political conflicts that marked an era and a population.

The cinema has become the document that describes and sets the precedent of the existence of a fact, a conflict of a social reality that is presented to the public through the lens of the filmmakers and actors running.

In this list, released by the website United Explanations can be found tapes of various countries, referring to situations and political and ideological conflicts that marked an era and a population.

These are some of the most important films with political and social content, find these films on project free tv and you will be offered to watch all your favourite movies for free online

The Great Dictator (1940)

Directed by and starring silent film star Charles Chaplin, the film portrays the clash between two opposing personalities, parodying the Nazi regime of Hitler, embodied by a single performer.

Good Bye, Lenin! (2003)

A young German seeks, after his mother awakens from a coma, recreating life in East Germany to prevent women suffer some kind of shock by the events after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

In this film, directed by Wolfgang Becker, the changes are evident and Germany suffered, par excellence, the whole world after the fall of the USSR.

Citizen Kane (1941)

Directed by the prolific Orson Wells, the film, based on the life of a character who symbolizes the power of the US media industry, William Randolph Hearst, it addresses the discourse of power as part of the search for the meaning of the last word ‘Charles Foster Kane ” Rosebud ‘.

The film is also generating other films related to the dispute and the obstacles that were given to its implementation and dissemination in US territory.

V for Vendetta (2005)

Director James McTeigue, and with the participation of contemporary Hollywood stars like Hugo Weaving and Natalie Portman portrays the life of a British terrorist known as ‘V’, who struggle against an oppressive system in a futuristic environment in Britain. It is based on a comic strip written by Alan Moore and illustrated by David Lloyd.

Machuca (2004)

Chilean film directed by Andrés Wood, shows the segregation and selective destruction that occurred during the coup that ended the government of Salvador Allende in the southern country.

Dr. Strangelove (1964)

A renowned Stanley Kubrick film that humorously, displays the tensions experienced during the period of the cold war and is also remembered for the many interpretations of actor Peter Sellers.

Memories of Underdevelopment (1968)

Key to understanding a process of political transition of great importance in Latin America as it was the Cuban revolution film. The director Tomas Gutierrez Alea shows, from the main character, the individual’s adaptation to a new logic of society that hangs over the island during the time in which the film occurs.

1984 (1984)

To mark the arrival of the date prophesied by George Orwell on the play, this audiovisual adaptation, directed by Michael Radford, and the faithful presence of the spaces covered in the literature, of a world dominated by ideologies launched oppressor and the opinion of the political party that controls the past, present and future citizens.

The Night of the Pencils (1986)

Music by the Argentine representative group ‘Sui Generis’ and his song ‘Rasguña Las Piedras’ Hector Olivera is based on the reality show drama-even for young force- and silenced disappeared during the military dictatorship in Argentina.

Into the Storm (1982)

Directed and written by the iconoclastic Fernando Vallejo, was recorded in Mexico by the difficulties of implementation in Colombia, the film tells of a raw and naked form, constant political violence experienced in rural settings of Colombia by bipartisan disputes.

Battleship Potemkin (1925)

A cult to the universal cinema became one of the most important propaganda pieces of all time, winning adherents even in enemy lines in Nazi Germany tried to make a film that subvert what is shown in this work of Eisenstein, and did the piece called ‘The battleship Sebastopol’.

Herod’s Law (1999)

With a roster of performers that includes the late Pedro Armendariz Jr. And Damian Alcazar, this Mexican film shows the massive corruption that is brewing from access to power.

The Lives of Others (2006)

Deserving of an Oscar film award, set in the 1980s, reflecting control practices and social stigma experienced by political dissidents in communist East Germany.

Hotel Rwanda (2004)

With the role of Don Cheadle film contextualizes and evidence the results of colonial segregation in Africa and the way in which ethnic conflict becomes the incentive for an unprecedented slaughter that shocked the world.

Lust, Caution (2007)

The award-winning Taiwanese director Ang Lee, recreates the intrigue and violence experienced during the Japanese occupation of Chinese territory in the Second World War. An espionage thriller eroticism and high audiovisual quality.

Butterfly’s Tongue (1999)

A war drama in the context of the Spanish civil conflagration that marked the arrival of the fascist dictatorship of Francisco Franco and the fall of the republic, all these situations illustrated by the eyes of children lost in a sea of ​​political complexities loaded violent actions.

Life Is Beautiful (1997)

Starring and directed by Roberto Benigni, he tells the story of Guido, a Jewish librarian who tries to protect his son, during the German occupation of World War II, showing the devastating war as a game.Winner of three Oscars.

Wag the Dog (1997)

With players of the caliber of Robert de Niro and Dustin Hoffman’s film shows the ups and downs of the obvious political manipulation at the highest levels of the US government when trying to cover up a sex scandal the president of that country by a fictional war.

Invictus (2009)

Directed by Clint Eastwood and co-starring Morgan Freeman and Matt Damon shows one of the most memorable deeds of Nelson Mandela, the use of the language of sport as a means of unification in the Republic of South Africa, lost in the segregation of apartheid.

Trance Earth (1967)

Brazilian Glauber Rocha portrays escenificándose in the fictional country of ‘El Dorado’, contains and develops some of the most exemplary of Latin American governments in this context political practices ‘Paulo Martins’ becomes the thread to unravel the events developed under the fallacious ideological campaigns.

January 24, 2016

10 photos of politicians are not what they seem

Everything is under the eye of the beholder. Tied to the ethical code of non-manipulation, boston fashion photographer who point their cameras to the power lead time tuning the shot to subtly insinuate without teaching, border without crossing that red line which is their commitment to reality. In Quesabesde we have gathered a dozen examples of political leaders whose photographs, either intentionally or by accident, have much more than meets the eye.


It is having a bad time politically speaking it was never so graphic as in the image taken by Wilton de Sousa Júnior Dilma Rousseff appears where apparently pierced by a sword. And the intention of this photojournalist was, indeed, reflect the difficult moment that crossed the Brazilian president, head of a government marked by corruption. The author’s great eye for photography was awarded the Prize for Journalism King of Spain in 2012.

Dilma Roussef
Photo: Wilton de Sousa Júnior (O Estado de S.Paulo / EFE)

So common as buttoning his suit jacket gesture takes on new meaning when the wearer is Francisco Camps and two of his trusted men, Vicente Rambla and Ricardo Costa. The September 30, 2009, in the scandal called “case of the suits” of the plot Gürtel by splashing the then president of the Valencian Generalitat, did not need words to understand that simple gesture, buttoning a jacket, casually he went far beyond a mechanical gesture that accompanies the stand. By El Mundo photographer Vicent Bosch , photo stalled while he was censured -along with others- by the Council in an exhibition organized by the Union of Journalists Valencians.

Francisco Camps gürtel
Photo: Vicent Bosch (El Mundo)

By chance or superhuman eye for photography. Who knows. Marc Israel Sellem, the newspaper The Jerusalem Post, social networks revolutionized few weeks ago with an incredible catch where a whimsical shadow cast by the finger of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu acts as a small Hitler mustache on German Chancellor Angela Merkel during his visit Hebrew territory. Political inconveniences aside, the photo was reproduced around the world and became a viral phenomenon.

Angela Merkel
Photo: Marc Israel Sellem (The Jerusalem Post)

A black background, a look not particularly eloquent gesture smiling and touching his tie combined in a masterly photo of Daniel Ochoa de Olza which occupied front pages and encouraged political gatherings. Spurred by an economy that was going down and a fierce crises attacking the country, the image of Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero benighted left no one indifferent and was praised and criticized by everyone, including himself protagonist. And the truth is that there were no more left of it-he recognized photographer Quesabesde the desired effect with the stroke of flash- that chance.

Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero
Photo: Daniel Ochoa de Olza (AP)

A picture is worth a thousand words, but certainly sometimes need more than a thousand words to understand what the hell happened when the photographer pressed the button. If this is the snapshot taken during a medal ceremony of Prince Charles at a military base in 2012. Spread by the British tabloids, it led to all kinds of jokes at the expense of a lover whose affairExtra marriage for three decades with Camila Parker Bowles -sazonado with spicy love-letters will be remembered for long.


Another timely photo that tie knots and troubles converge so fatal to those portrayed. I could see the photographer of El Periodico de Catalunya Juanma Prats , that this King Juan Carlos Prince Philip image and adjusting a knot around the neck in crisis Urdangarin given the cover and made ​​responsible for the newspaper. And all without giving a single argument to the Royal House to pick up the phone.

Photo: Juanma Prats (El Periodico de Catalunya)

Half the world laughed at her and the other half did not care, but its protagonist did nothing of grace. The late President of Venezuela Hugo Chavez staged a curious image, taken by Lula Marques in Brazil, where a keen eye when it comes to blur the background and frame the picture made ​​him a kind of Mickey Mouse. Staunch enemy of the United States, make him one of the icons yankees par excellence was considered by the Bolivarian regime as an attempt to ridicule and humiliation and was even labeled media terrorism.

Hugo Chavez
Photo: Lula Marques (Folha de S. Paulo / Reuters)

¿I looked down or looked at what everyone was assumed that looked? Breeding fame and lie shaking, he must have thought when Silvio Berlusconi was reflected in a snapshot taken by AFP photographer Andreas Solaro where their gaze converges in the area of the body that is no longer back the Italian swimmer Federica Pellegrini. It was during a rally of his party in Rome in 2009 to a young audience, which jumped at the chance to release one of his usual jokes outbursts: “I will accept questions from the boys, but the girls would like to have your phone. “The unmistakable signature of a prime minister who will be remembered for its hedonic surrounded parties veline .

Silvio Berlusconi
Photo: Andreas Solaro (AFP)

Does the troika choking Spain? If in most cases treated in this Decalogue double meaning is to be found in this scene March 2012, also they captured several TV cameras what is difficult is to not assume that the resulting image was a reflection of reality: that of a European Union choking Spain in crisis. In the end, though, the Spanish Economy Minister Luis de Guindos came out alive and strangulation was just a friendly joke by then president of the Eurogroup Jean-Claude Juncker.

Luis de Guindos
Photo: AP

In early 2009, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko held talks to try to end the gas crisis Russia was initiated by the pro-European turn of the former Soviet republic. And what better way to end the tension with smiles that caused this photograph, in which a simple gesture of support by the prospect became a bawdy wink. Although, given the evolution of Timoshenko, the reading of the image would be very different: the “orange lady” would be accused in 2011 of an alleged crime of abuse of power by this agreement and sentenced to seven years imprisonment -of which He served two and a half years after its recent commissioning liberty, in a maneuver that has always planned today in the shadow of deposed president pro-Russian Viktor Yanukovich.

January 7, 2016

The government asks the crane company that fits the new deposit environment

New government requirement Benidorm to the new concessionaire and the blue crane, the UTE Sice-Auplasa. A few weeks ago he asked to delay 15 days the implementation of the Blue Zone in the new areas of summer, has now claimed him a series of substantial improvements to adapt the environment of the new deposit crane located near the Palau d ‘ Esports L’Illa. Some improvements affecting both the entrance to the site itself and the road leading to these facilities from Avenida Valencia, Crane Operator Training by Performance Training Solutions  and from the resort of Salt de l’Aigua, and that, of course, also benefit Palau d’Esports , who has been waiting for better access.

According to the councilor for Mobility, Jose Ramon Gonzalez de Zarate, these improvements beyond those presented in the project by the UTE-surpassing the 100,000 euros and they want “condition and provide greater security to the new deposit” and “its approaches”.

Among these improvements it is creating a two-way bike lane on a platform of 3 meters from the roundabout Avenue -together European Community to the Palace of Justice to the Palau d’Esports. And also, the execution of a sidewalk with a minimum width of 2.5 meters to comply with current regulations and provide greater security and accessibility to tank vehicles. In addition, as a road includes a minimum of 7 meters wide, the joint venture must make an agreement with the owners concerned.

Moreover, from the roundabout Avenue European Community to the Palau d’Esports you must install speed bumps and signs, at least one signal every 50 meters. Already on site, the company will have to locate a small parking for three cars in the driveway and a sidewalk that connects to the offices; and should pave all the way from Salt de l’Aigua, from the European Community avenue to Valencia.

Furthermore, to improve the safety of school of Salt de l’Aigua and users of Palau, the concessionaire will have to put at least three traffic lights and cameras in the area; during school hours and cranes can only access the site from Valencia Avenue to not go through the educational complex.

Gonzalez de Zarate was convinced that the joint venture will not object to this request, since it “is a reputable company” and is working with the City.

Works are scheduled to begin in a fortnight so that they are completed at most the September 30 “not impair the safety of schoolchildren in schools and users of the Palau d’Esports” has clarified the council.

December 27, 2015

The role of lawyers in the political and social transformations

Latin American geopolitics is currently with substantial changes in the socio-political, which have generated events of great impact in our societies, leading to power politician in several States of the region, Presidents and Presidents with progressive and anti-hegemonicas, currents that have necessarily had an obligation to transform and adapt the laws of their respective countries to the new times opening paths of citizen participation, breaking with the policies of domination imposed by globalizing countries of that famous only representative democracy.

Such political changes – social, immediately generated the need to develop a legislative framework to the new constitutional order, in full consistency with international human rights instruments, which passed by their respective administrative approval procedures, counting with the query to the people through referendums; mentioning for example the cases of Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, and as forgetting process which was brewing in the sister Republic of Honduras.

However, the central theme of this article is the participation of professionals from law or jurists in the socio-political transformations in Latin America, who have the arduous task of contributing with their legal knowledge to develop and promote social policies, adjusted to the constitutional and legal principles on the first human rights and the pre-eminence of persons before the material (use and consumption goods) i.e., the duty of the lawyer perse would be practising principles socio-humanos prevail in capital or profits that can generate the legal controversy.

All this is given to that erroneous legal culture by some universities that have formed a large part of Jurists, (not generalizing, obviously) with the mindset of making and creating economic fortunes, taking on cases or disputes that require the intervention of a judge or court for the settlement of the dispute or any management that requires the involvement of a professional of law forgetting that the protected legal interest becomes about a human being.

It is good to emphasize that it is not criminalize or criticize the exercise of practitioners of law or jurists today, nothing, is a profession that each who can exercise it as it deems best; aim is to sow a little conscientious citizen, necessarily establishing criteria for reflection of how we approach lawyers approaches which add to our considerations and how to apply the corresponding right. It is important that, in the performance of the work, in the interest of its represented, who is nothing more than a human being, is focused on the fact that the interest or legal interests which they intend to protect or restore, as applicable, are linked or directed under a scheme of social responsibility, and which to the pernicious (s) controversy is not only abandoned in that legal sea, but rather are created and established the weak legal aid mechanisms, taking into account the role of the State reinsert or provide necessary assistance that establishes the possibility of taking a decision (judgement) with responsibility and meet again in society.

In addition to the above, is necessary that the Personal injury lawyer Boca Raton or the right professional centre and approach their vocation and training in the legal and political – social, destined to the leverage and support, with solid arguments, of the transformation processes that are underway in our region, with the aim of sensitizing them, regardless the specialization that have (administrative, civil, criminal, labour law, human rights (, commercial, etc.). The purpose of this article, is that really the work focuses on the legal interest of people in conflict, beyond the economic interests which are at stake in the litigation and that the same may exercise assistance and representation, for example, of movements or social groups in the vindication of their rights, when they need it without having a reason or reason to change, that is, completely disinterested.

Lawyers are immersed within this neoliberal-globalizador system that caused so much damage to humanity, and in the course of history, have formed part of major direct impact substantial changes in our societies. Therefore, this social interest has to go beyond the mere meet a working order, it is a much deeper issue, it has to be assumed with conviction and responsibility.

From my humble opinion, I think that it is time to return to the path of the dignity of the people, and who more than us lawyers or jurists to accompany them on this historic feat that has aroused in our Latin American continent in a way unstoppable.

November 28, 2015

France and the global health governance

Mutations health diplomacy meet the challenges of the XXI century

The acceleration of trade and global interdependence has intensified the need for a coordinated and effective governance of health issues, centered around the World Health Organization. The pandemics of AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis have caused a response unprecedented in the international community with the creation of the joint program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) in 1994, the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in 2002,  UNITAID in 2006. The healing takes further , a key position in the development agenda, with three of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2000.

France: generating proposals and financial contributor of the first order

Address global health challenges, France has accelerated its efforts since 2000. Its development assistance for health in 2012 was 773 M € (figures OECD / DAC).

In the fight against the three pandemics (MDG 6), France spearheaded the creation of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, which is the 2nd financial, contributing annually 360 million euros (commitment to triennium 2014-2016). He also proposed the creation of the international drug purchase fund UNITAID , which is the first contributor with 110 million euros in 2013.

Together with its G8 partners, France has reinforced its support to the fight against maternal and child mortality (MDG 4 and MDG 5) under the Muskoka Initiative (2010), pledging to devote to such a policy 100 million euros additional year, from 2011 to 2015. It is the 4th Level of the global partnership to promote vaccination and immunization GAVI (79 M € in 2013) country.

France has been a pioneer in mobilizing innovative financing for health, which allow to obtain new resources and ensure greater predictability of funding. The whole of the French contribution to UNITAID come from the solidarity levy on airline tickets, founded in 2006. Most of the contribution to GAVI through the International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFIm), where France is committed 1,300 million in twenty years.

France defends the issue of universal health coverage in the international arena. It has inspired the resolution on this subject, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2012. It has created partnership with GermanyProviding for Health , based in the World Health Organization. In 2013, it launched the Solidarity Health Sahel (I3S) initiative in favor of free medical care for children in Sahel.

France and WHO

WHO is a central institution for global health, which exercises regulatory functions, data collection and recommendations to States. Also it exercises operational functions of technical assistance for countries and coordinates the actors in global health.

France is a founding member of the WHO, whose vision and whose fundamental objectives shared. maintains privileged relations with the organization because of its health expertise, its mandated contribution (5th rank) and semi-permanent position on the executive board member.

A framework agreement signed by France and WHO determines common priorities for the period 2014-2019, based on four areas of cooperation: international health security: fight against epidemic and pandemic diseases, particularly through the implementation of the International Health Regulations ( RSI) health development goals: combination of Millennium Development Goals and the future framework of the United Nations development after 2015, action on risk factors: in relation to noncommunicable diseases and environmental determinants health; strengthening health systems: as part of the progression towards universal health coverage.

The presence since 2001 of a WHO office in Lyon, in charge of building the capacity of countries to deal with international health emergency situations, strengthens the relationship. This office has a crucial role in implementing the International Health Regulations, priority of France and WHO.

France also supports the implementation of WHO strategies to reduce risk factors for noncommunicable diseases(mostly cancers, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases), responsible for two thirds of global mortality. France promotes in particular adherence to the Framework Convention Snuff Control (FCTC) and the protocol to eliminate illicit trade in snuff products ( )

In the field of health systems, coordination of health research and development, sustainable financing of health systems, training and retention of human resources in the health field, prequalification of medicines and combating their counterfeiting are as many decisive challenges credibility of WHO to respond to the health challenges of the century.

Health Diplomacy initiative

At the invitation of the ministers of Foreign Affairs Norwegian and French in September 2006 she was launched in New York Health Diplomacy (initiative Foreign Policy and Global Health Initiative ). The Health Diplomacy group comprises seven countries of different levels of development ( South Africa, Brazil, France, Indonesia, Norway, Senegal, Thailand), united by a common commitment to greater attention to the challenges of global health in foreign policy . Health Diplomacy initiative functions as an informal framework agreement between the seven countries to collect health challenges with an international dimension.

The March 20, 2007, the seven countries of the initiative defined an agenda for action by the Oslo Ministerial Declaration, which defines ten themes of work:

- preparation for the pandemic risk,

- emerging infectious diseases,

- human resources in health,

- health in conflict,

- humanitarian crises and natural disasters,


- health and environment,

- health and development,

- health and trade policies,

- governance for health security.

January 2, 2015


We tend to associate the policy with two ends: one performance ridiculous and tacky public or closed-door office where shady characters decide on their behalf the destiny of other mortals. The film, in some curious cases, has been able to interpret lucidly both manifestations. Indeed, it is perhaps the artistic medium that has best succeeded.

Matrix: red pill blue pill

The front audiovisual approach to political issues has especially flourished in the documentary genre. However important filmmakers, including some of its main luminaries as Orson Welles, Glauber Rocha, Stanley Kubrick and Charles Chaplin, have tried to project the light of the Seventh Art often in the dark room politics. The result has been from the crude ideological propaganda to works of extraordinary power to generate changes in consciousness.

In a famous scene from the movie The Matrix , the protagonist has the option of taking a blue pill to remain in a world of illusory happiness or swallow a red pill and open your eyes to the harsh – but liberating – reality. If you decide to take this, then we share with you a selection of films that although we have a denser and less happy endings than the blockbusters of Hollywood universe, in return he promises a little door open so we can with impunity snoop behind the scenes where the strings of power are handled. Remember that you are always able to watch movies online for free by visiting

 1. The Great Dictator – Charlie Chaplin, United States

Osadísimo artistic and political, to the point that President Roosevelt contacted Chaplin to motivate the film industry opposition to its proposed project. The film achieves an almost impossible balance: a comic satire of Hitler, while a strong public denunciation of the Holocaust of the Jews,establishing itself as the first anti-Nazi feature length film . Chaplin, who was the silent film legend makes one of the most memorable speeches in the history of cinema, a Humanist Manifesto at its finest.

2.  Memories of Underdevelopment – Tomas Gutierrez Alea, Cuba

A complex and profound reflection of the political transition in Cuba under the cover of the Castro revolution, experienced from the perspective of a bourgeois intellectual who tries to connect to the new political reality of his people and his life. For his virtuous and innovative storytelling and staging is considered by many critics as the most important Latin American film of all time.

3.  Dr. Strangelove – Stanley Kubrick, England

Doctor Strangelove, translated into Castilian as “Red Phone: Strangelove”)

Scathing work of reflection that was born at the height of the paranoia about the possibility of nuclear war. Kubrick makes a great satire on the absurdity of the political logic of the Cold War , making perhaps the only film that makes us laugh at the real possibility of the end of the world. As if that were not enough, the multiple roles of Peter Sellers in his performance have become one of the most famous ever captured in celluloid.




4. Earth in Trance – Glauber Rocha, Brazil

A narrative synthesis of Latin American political circus condensed in the history of the fictional country but too real “El Dorado”. The chaos of partisan struggles, the blind fanaticism of the masses and the corrupt ambition for power are presented brilliantly by the bold eye Rocha, who invites us to examine this reality through the eyes of an idealistic poet and journalist. An Avant-garde party and an urgent invitation to think, discuss and try to transform.

5.  Process-Citizen Kane – Orson Welles, US-France

This innovative legendarily film touches on the problem to the media empire of the United States .”Citizen Kane” was the center of a bitter struggle that tried to destroy it even before being displayed.The history of this failed attempt of artistic suppression was itself inspired documentaries as “The Battle Over Citizen Kane” and the movie “RKO 281”. Less well known, their version of “The Trial” by Kafka is a penetrating meditation of incomprehensible strings of power.

6.  Z – Costa-Gavras, Greci to



Political intrigue quintessential presented in a socio-political history of repression based on real life. The film is a direct allegory to the murder of the Greek Democratic leader Grigoris Lambrakis, where after this dreadful fact the letter “Z” became a symbol for the people of resistance. A proposal for genuine courage considering that it was made ​​during the dictatorship orchestrated by the same characters referring to the film. Winner of two Oscars for best editing and best foreign film.

7. Malku Yawar, The Blood of the Condor – Jorge Sanjinés, Bolivia

A film acted by real indigenous mother tongue reflects on where marginalization and oppression to which they are subjected native peoples . The film presents a complaint openly to the Peace Corps of the United States for sterilization of indigenous women. In real life soon after the screening of the film, and during the Cold War, the Peace Corps were expelled from Bolivia. This is political, revolutionary and independent cinema in its purest and most radical state.

8. A very special day – Ettore Scola, Italy

The special day set during the massive Hitler’s visit to Mussolini in Rome , years before the Great War began. Perhaps the film’s intimate political reflection has been filmed, a heartrending reflection on the influence of totalitarian systems in the most vital human feelings. Also a luxury of performances: Sophia Loren and Marcello Mastroianni, at the height of his talent and charisma, show why they are one of the most legendary couples of cinema.

9. Xala – Ousmane Sembène, Senegal

Considered the father of African cinema Sembène, a writer who at age 40 recognizes that the majority of people in their country can not read, she decided to become a film director. With brilliant irony and humor the film satirizes the subsequent endemic political corruption to independence of Senegal . With effective symbology tells the tragicomic story of a powerful man who is sexually impotent discovers her wedding day. “Xala” became one of the first African film to win international recognition.

10. All the President’s Men – Alan Pakula, United Kingdom s

Bright start movie scene of one of the most important journalistic work of the twentieth century: the Watergate scandal that led to the controversial US President Richard Nixon to resign the post.Dustin Hoffman and Robert Redford embody idealistic journalists investigating a case of apparent political insignificance trigger a dramatic snowball.

Other political consciousness inspiring movies( you can Watch Series here)

  1. Chinatown (Roman Polanski, United States) – Political Corruption and the private sector to control the water resource
  2. In the Name of the Father (Jim Sheridan, Ireland) – Abuse end judiciary accusing innocent of an act of terrorism
  3. La Ley de Herodes (Luis Estrada, Mexico) – tragicomic reflection of sociopathy of Latin American corruption
  4. The Lives of Others (Florian Henckel, Germany) – social control under a totalitarian communist regime in the Berlin of the Cold War
  5. Traffic (Steven Soderbergh, United States) – Transnational networks of complicity and perks drug
  6. JFK (Oliver Stone, United States) – Proposed research involving political powers in the JFK assassination
  7. Elite Squad 1 and 2 (José Padilha, Brazil) – Linking the police system and upper echelons of power with criminal structures
  8. Network (Sydney Lumet, United States) – Excess of power and fragility of a media empire
  9. The Divo (Paolo Sorrentino, Italy) – lucid account of the life of the Italian politician Giulio Andreotti Machiavellian
  10. The Official Story (Luis Puenzo, Argentina) – The silent family effects of a military dictatorship
  11. Persepolis (Paronnaud and Satrapi, France) – intimate reflection of life in exile after a teenager growing up in the Iranian regime
  12. The life of Harvey Milk (Gus Van Sant, United States) – The deep social prejudices and the struggle for political demands of homosexuals
  13. Machuca (Andrew Wood, Chile) – The coup against Salvador Allende perceived from the perspective of a child of proletarian family
  14. The Constant Gardener (Fernando Meirelles, United States) – A complex web of political and private corruption is behind a personal tragedy
  15. Even the Rain (Iciar Bollaín, Spain) – A team of Spanish in Bolivia wheel filming a film about the conquest until the people rebels against a multinational

vendredi 28 décembre 2012

Des No Tav italiens s'adressent au ministre de l'intérieur

Traduit de l'italien, depuis le site

"La modernisation du réseau de transport italien ne peut renoncer à ses projets de développement sous l'influence de la pression de la rue, sans s'autocondamner à un futur de déclin". Voilà ce qu'a dit la ministre de l'intérieur italienne parlant, lors d'une audition au Parlement, des manifestations No Tav en Val di Susa. La Valsusa pour la ministre est "le foyer qui donne le plus de fil à retordre aux forces de police".

Le vrai problème, cher ministre, c'est que le "foyer" ne donne pas seulement du fil à retordre à la police, mais aussi à toute la classe politique italienne, que nous attendons au tournant aux prochaines élections. Du reste, nous le disons à vous et à vos collègues : des ministres de l'intérieur et des premiers ministres nous en avons vus beaucoup depuis 20 ans, et tous disaient la même chose. Pendant ce temps nous, nous sommes encore là, et continuons à être un problème pour ceux de votre espèce, et un espoir pour le peuple.
See you soon.

PS : nous vous attendons toujours à Chiomonte ... Et payez les heures supplémentaires aux troupes d'occupation du chantier, qui commencent à se plaindre en même temps que nous de cette situation, ça devient embarrassant !

mardi 25 décembre 2012


Attention ! Michel Destot fait quelque chose.

M. Destot nommé rapporteur à l’assemblée pour le Lyon-Turin.
Tout vient à point à qui sait attendre : même à Michel Destot, qui après 14 années de députation n’a à peu près aucun fait d’armes à son actif à l’assemblée et se traine une réputation de parlementaire fantôme ; même à lui, qui après les présidentielles a vu s’envoler tous ses rêves de portefeuilles ministériels. Aujourd’hui, le voilà contraint de ramasser les miètes : voilà qu’il vient d’être nomé « Rapporteur du projet de loi autorisant l’approbation de l’accord entre la France et l’Italie pour la réalisation et l’exploitation d’une nouvelle ligne ferroviaire Lyon-Turin ». Le maire de Grenoble, ancien ingénieur nucléaire au CEA et fervant promoteur des nano et bio-technologies, a toujours été un soutien du bétonnage des territoires : c’est assez logique de le retrouver impliqué dans un projet aussi inutile et néfaste que le Lyon-Turin. Il y a quelques mois, nous avions déjà épinglé Jacques Chiron, un autre élu Grenoblois lors d’une séance de promotion publique. M. Chiron est d’ailleurs, en tant que représentant de la ville de Grenoble, membre de la Transalpine. La Transalpine est un lobby composé d’industriels et de politiques, présidé par le PDG de Danone. Ce lobby « a pour objet de mener toute action de nature à faciliter ou accélérer la réalisation de la liaison ferroviaire Lyon-Turin »*. Apparemment, le lobby en faveur de la LGV a bien fonctionné à Grenoble.

La LGV Lyon-Turin, l’ombre du sillon alpin.
En décembre 2003, l’Etat a retenu la candidature du Sillon alpin comme « métropole européenne émergente », et ses promoteurs s’investissent déjà dans toutes sortes de projets communs, tels que « la liaison ferroviaire Lyon-Turin qui confirmera la position de métropole européenne du Sillon alpin ». La cause du Val de Suse est notre cause. La destruction de cette vallée alpine sur l’autel de la très grande vitesse économique n’est qu’une des conditions nécessaires à la destruction du sillon alpin. M. Destot et M. Chiron sont par ailleurs les promoteurs du projet « sillon alpin ». Le « sillon alpin » (nom donné à la zone s’étendant de Valence à Genève) est un projet à long terme consistant en la création d’une ville unique (une « conurbation », dirait M. Destot) sur 200 km. Pour réaliser ce projet, il serait nécessaire de construire des routes, des ponts, des tunnels, des immeubles... Mais que la ville soit pratiquement partout, n’empêcherait visiblement pas qu’il faille aller toujours plus vite pour s’y rendre. Pour ceux qui souhaitent habiter une ville de 200 km de long et de 2 millions d’habitants, il est donc nécessaire de construire des infrastructures de transport à la hauteur de leurs ambitions. Des infrastructures telles que la LGV Lyon-Turin. Ces deux projets vont de pair, et suivent d’ailleurs la même logique : la destruction de notre territoire.
Bien sûr, M. Destot nous soutiendra que ces projets nous apporteront l’emploi, et la croissance, bien qu’il n’y croie pas lui-même. Par contre, il oubliera certainement de vous dire que le trafic de marchandise dans les Alpes est en baisse depuis des années, que les sommes d’argent public investies sont démesurées (minimum 26 milliards d’euro, soit deux fois le déficit de la sécurité sociale !), et que ces grands travaux favorisent, en Italie comme en France, les intérêts industriels et mafieux, à notre détriment, aujourd’hui et demain.
Nous nous opposons à ces projets, certes parce qu’ils sont inutiles, coûteux, et néfastes. Mais nous ne voulons ni les amender, ni les améliorer. Seraient-ils gratuits et optimisés que nous n’en voudrions pas non plus, parce qu’ils ont été conçus loin du débat public, par les industriels et leurs techniciens, et que leurs intérêts s’opposent en tout à ceux des populations.

No TAV : les vallées qui résistent.
De l’autre côté des Alpes, le Lyon-Turin c’est une vallée occupée par l’armée et la police, une opposition quotidienne et massive, des dizaines de blessés, des habitants noyés sous les gaz lacrimogènes, des personnes arrêtées puis jetées en prison, des entreprises qui s’envolent avec les financements européens... Non pas seulement un projet avançant au mépris des habitants, mais une violence dirigée contre eux. Là bas, en Italie, les choses ont au moins le mérite d’être plus claires.
De ce côté-ci des montagnes, le temps de discuter pour savoir si le Lyon-Turin est souhaitable ou non est déjà écoulé, comme celui des critiques techniques. Après le sommet du 3 décembre 2012, c’est la phase politique du projet qui commence, et nous devons plutôt employer notre temps à savoir comment nous nous y opposons. Comme en Italie, le mouvement des « NO TAV » (no treno alta velocità**), né de vingt années de contestation de la ligne, se répand bien au-delà du tracé, parce qu’il est devenu un symbole de la résistance des petits face aux puissants, et de la revendication à une vie décente, qui ne soit pas constamment menacée par les gourous de la croissance. Les élus qui se couchent devant les lobbystes deviennent aussi responsables des exactions qui accompagnent le chantier côté italien. Il se placent du côté de ceux qui bafouent la démocratie qu’ils sont sensés incarner, de ceux qui usent de toutes les armes dont ils disposent contre les populations qu’ils devaient représenter, de ceux qui font valoir les intérêts privés des industriels contre ceux des habitants.

Comité No Tav Chambéry, décembre 2012.

Visuel créer récemment par des membres du collectif

Contre le ferroutage

Ou comment les Verts s'enferrent dans le développement duraille


Val de Suse, Italie, 16 novembre 2005 : 80 000 personnes manifestent contre le TGV Lyon-Turin. Les habitants de cette vallée, rejoints tardivement par les Verts Italiens, se battent contre ce projet depuis des années. La première semaine de décembre verra des dizaines de milliers de personnes occuper le site des travaux, se faire expulser en pleine nuit par des milliers de flics, puis réoccuper le terrain deux jours plus tard.

Grenoble, 9 décembre 2005 : une poignée de manifestants rassemblés devant le local des Verts-Isère dénonce le soutien des élus écologistes français au TGV Lyon-Turin. Étonnés, les militants Verts : “Comment pouvez-vous être contre le train ? Cette ligne TGV permettra le ferroutage ! C'est un projet écologique, non ?"

Le Lyon-Turin est un cheval de bataille des Verts depuis 20 ans. Au départ ce projet devait être une ligne TGV reliant les deux grandes villes en deux heures et achevant la liaison Lisbonne-Kiev. Face à l'enfer du trafic de camions dans les Alpes, les Verts ont milité pour en faire aussi une ligne de ferroutage. Ils considèrent le Lyon-Turin, "chantier du siècle" (15 milliards d’euros ; percement d’un tunnel de 53 kilomètres ; 15 ans de travaux) comme une victoire. Une récompense pour leur participation au système. Une carotte justifiant leur existence politique. "Après une année de mandat (NDR : au Conseil régional de Rhône-Alpes), les Verts ne sont pas mécontents de l'audience qu'ils ont acquise au sein de l'exécutif de Jean-Jack Queyranne, notamment sur la question des transports en Rhône-Alpes, et plus particulièrement du fret. A la tête de la commission Transports, Gérard Leras, chef de file des Verts, travaille en étroite collaboration avec le socialiste Bernard Soulage (NDR : ex-directeur de cabinet de M. Destot à la Ville de Grenoble), premier vice-président en charge de ce dossier, ce qui n'écarte pas la nécessaire confrontation des points de vue."1

Pour les non avertis, Gérard Leras a gagné son collier d'opposant raisonné dans la lutte contre l'autoroute A51 (Grenoble-Sisteron) dans les années 1990, qu'avec ses compères des Verts et de la FRAPNA il a contribué à anesthésier. Aujourd'hui toute l'étendue de leur contestation consiste à réclamer un "aménagement" des routes nationales 75 et 85 en deux fois deux voies, soit une autoroute par un autre nom. Réclamation qui s'accompagne précisément d'un développement du ferroutage, notamment du Lyon-Turin.

Sourds aux arguments des opposants et des Verts italiens, les écotechs français ignorent les risques environnementaux du projet (présence d'amiante et d'uranium dans les montagnes qui doivent être percées) et ne craignent par d'infliger aux habitants de l'étroit Val de Suse (300 à 800 m de large) une autoroute ferroviaire de 300 trains par jour. "Nous, les gens de la vallée, nous avons déjà donné. Chez nous passent deux routes nationales, une autoroute, une ligne électrique à haute tension et une ligne ferroviaire."2 Selon Gérard Leras, une bonne com' aurait résolu le problème : "L'Etat italien a généré le refus des populations en présentant un dossier sans transparence, sans information sur le chantier et son impact environnemental, faisant uniquement apparaître le Lyon-Turin comme un train voyageurs à grande vitesse et pas comme un moyen de transférer le trafic marchandise de la route vers le rail."3 Berlusconi, prends-en de la graine, chez les Verts isérois on sait comment manœuvrer les "populations".

Le ferroutage est l'avenir de la marchandise
Eternels gestionnaires des nuisances, les Verts français ont la solution pour absorber les flux croissants de marchandises : le ferroutage, soit le transport des camions de marchandises ou des conteneurs par des trains. "Initialement le Lyon-Turin était un projet voyageurs, ce sont les Verts qui lui ont fait prendre le virage du transport des marchandises"4, se flatte Gérard Leras. Le président de la communauté de montagne de la basse vallée de Suse, Antonio Ferrentino, raconte une autre histoire : "Au départ, la TAV (NDR : le TGV) Lyon-Turin est née comme un projet pour les passagers. Puis les promoteurs se sont rendu compte que les perspectives n'étaient pas suffisamment importantes. Ils ont donc ajouté le projet de transport ferroviaire pour les marchandises et les camions."5

Qu'importe. Pour Leras, "il est désormais indispensable de faire des études sur les flux de marchandises existants et à venir pour prouver à la population l'utilité de cette nouvelle liaison ferroviaire à grande vitesse."6 Notons qu'il s'agit d'abord de lancer le "chantier du siècle", et ensuite de réaliser les études qui prouveront son bien-fondé. Décidément les socialistes rhônalpins peuvent se féliciter de l'audience qu'ils ont acquise auprès des Verts, qui ont adopté jusqu'à leurs process inversés. Sans doute prévoient-ils ensemble pour 2020 un débat citoyen sur l'opportunité du Lyon-Turin.

En train ou en camion, le trafic de marchandises alimente cette croissance que les Verts comme leurs alliés socialistes vénèrent à genoux. Leras : "Je crois qu'il faut réaffirmer aujourd'hui que l'unique priorité, dans une vision prospective et responsable d'aménagement du territoire, c'est de traiter le problème des marchandises par le rail. Et ce même si l'essentiel est d'œuvrer à long terme pour des économies de proximité et contre les déplacements inutiles." 7
Le long terme attendra, aujourd'hui les Verts œuvrent pour que les citadins consomment des tomates en plein hiver, pour que Carrefour vende en France du riz "bio" cultivé dans le sud de l'Italie et conditionné en Belgique, pour que nos yaourts n'arrivent pas sur nos tables avant d'avoir tourné 3000 kilomètres autour de l'Europe.

"Il ne faut pas oublier que le trafic entre la France et l'Italie doublera dans les 20 prochaines années. (...) Réfléchissez seulement au fait que la région Rhône-Alpes est l'un des 4 grands moteurs économiques européens, avec la Bade-Wurtemberg, la Catalogne et la Lombardie (…) Vous comprenez, le Lyon-Turin a une grande importance stratégique en Europe : c'est le chaînon manquant de l'axe ouest-est qui permettra de relier Lisbonne à Kiev. Et Lyon sera justement un carrefour fondamental avec l'axe nord-sud, celui qui va de Londres à Naples." Au moins Bernard Soulage parle-t-il franc : l'objectif du Lyon-Turin, c'est le maintien de Rhône-Alpes en tête des régions les plus riches d'Europe, la croissance de son activité donc les flux de toutes sortes.
Comme de règle pour toute nouvelle infrastructure, le ferroutage contribuera à la hausse du trafic des marchandises, facilité par la nouvelle ligne. Le Lyon-Turin ne réduira pas le trafic mais l'augmentera, il est conçu dans ce dessein.

Le ferroutage par le Lyon-Turin sert beaucoup d'intérêts particuliers. Celui des tenants du "développement durable", qui prétendent défendre l’environnement des vallées asphyxiées par les camions (Mont Blanc, Maurienne). Celui des industriels, transportant toujours plus de marchandises d’un bout à l’autre de l’Europe, qui multiplient délocalisations et sous-traitance de la production. Celui enfin des élus de Rhône-Alpes et du Piémont, qui clament la création de "milliers d’emplois" sur le chantier et promettent le "rayonnement international" de leur région.

Quant à nous, contre le ferroutage, contre le TGV et contre le "développement durable", nous réclamons la relocalisation de la production. Aucune vallée au monde ne mérite d’être sacrifiée au trafic de marchandises et au passage de TGV. Nous demandons l’abandon de ce projet de développement techno-industriel et la démission de ses promoteurs, écotechs verts compris.

Nous appelons Dauphinois et Savoyards à se joindre à la lutte des Piémontais, en manifestant à Chambéry le samedi 7 janvier 2006 à 14h, place du Palais de Justice.

Les escargots, 21 décembre 2005
1 Le Daubé 4/07/05
2 Le Monde 20/12/05
3 Le Daubé, 16/12/05
4 Le Daubé 20/12/05
5 Libération, 15/12/05
6 20 Minutes, 20 décembre 2005
7 Le Daubé, 4/07/05

Notre-Dame-des-Landes - LGV Lyon-Turin : même combat !

Vous trouverez ci-dessous un tract distribué le mercredi 28 novembre 2012 devant la mairie de Grenoble lors d'un rassemblement contre l’aéroport de Notre-Dame-des-Landes :

Le 3 décembre 2012, les chefs d’Etat français et italien François Hollande et Mario Monti se réunissent à Lyon pour conclure le plan de financement de la Ligne Grande Vitesse Lyon-Turin (LGV ou TAV en italien). En Italie, cela fait vingt-deux ans que les habitants de la vallée de Susa sont en lutte contre ce projet de destruction du territoire. Mani­fes­ta­tions de 80 000 per­son­nes, blo­ca­ges rou­tiers, assem­blées popu­lai­res, occu­pa­tions de chan­tiers : le mou­ve­ment NO TAV est créa­tif, massif et tenace. En France, la lutte a émergé plus récemment. Elle prend de l’ampleur depuis un an avec la constitution de nombreux comités opposés au TAV sur tout le tracé de la future ligne, de Lyon à la Maurienne, en passant par le nord-Grésivaudan, la Chartreuse et l’avant-pays savoyard. Aujourd’hui, les opposants grenoblois à l’aéroport de Notre Dame des Landes ne peuvent pas ignorer la lutte que mènent à deux heures de chez eux les comités français et italiens contre la LGV : nous luttons contre la même logi­que techno-indus­trielle, celle de la com­pé­ti­ti­vité économique dans le mépris total des popu­la­tions et de leur envi­ron­ne­ment.

Des grands projets inutiles... sauf pour les grands patrons du BTP
Pas plus que l’aéroport de Notre-Dame-des-Landes, la LGV Lyon-Turin ne répond pas à un besoin des populations. Pour justifier ces grands projets, leurs promoteurs expliquent que les infrastructures existantes ne pourront pas absorber l’augmentation prétendument inévitable du trafic de passagers et/ou de marchandises. Ils mentent : on sait que la ligne de train déjà existante entre Lyon et Turin est complètement sous-utilisée, et qu’elle pourrait absorber à elle seule la quasi-totalité des marchandises transportées par camion à travers les Alpes. Surtout, les technocrates et patrons du BTP posent la question à l’envers : plutôt que de nous demander comment permettre à des marchandises (ou des cadres sup’ à haut revenus) de traverser l’Europe toujours plus rapidement, demandons-nous d’abord pourquoi les tomates que nous mangeons en France sont produites en Espagne, préparées en Italie, et conditionnées en Allemagne. La seule raison d’être de ces projets, ce sont les 500 millions d’euros pour l’aéroport de NDDL et les 20 milliards pour la LGV Lyon-Turin, que les patrons du BTP prévoient de se mettre dans les poches.

Le saccage de l’environnement et des territoires.
Tout le monde sait qu’un aéroport est une aberration écologique. Pour le train, c’est plus compliqué. Depuis 2007, et jusqu’à un récent revirement, les écologistes ont en effet défendu la LGV Lyon-Turin comme permettant de mettre des camions sur les trains et de diminuer ainsi la pollution dans les vallées alpines. Or, la LGV n’arrêtera pas le transport routier de marchandise. À l’inverse, en facilitant la traversée des Alpes, il incite les transporteurs à affréter encore plus de camions sur l’axe Lisbonne-Kiev. Si l’on veut arrêter les camions, il faut défendre une économie locale, pas leur creuser une nouvelle voie royale ! Par ailleurs, le creusement des nombreux tunnels (dont le plus grand tunnel d’Europe) entraîneront de nombreuses nuisances : destruction de nombreuses terres cultivables, assèchement de sources et ruisseaux, excavation de millions de tonnes de déblais polluants (amiante, uranium) qu’il faudra ensuite stocker dans les vallées alpines...

Démocratie contre violences policières
Tout comme la Zone à Défendre de Notre-Dame-des-Landes, où se relaient depuis plusieurs semaines des centaines de policiers en tenue anti-émeutes gazant et matraquant les opposants, de l’autre côté des Alpes le chantier du Lyon-Turin est en état de siège permanent. La zone de la Maddalena a été déclarée zone militaire. Elle a été entourée de grilles derrière lesquels les carabinieri et leurs canons à eau montent la garde jour et nuit. Depuis de nombreuses années, le mouvement no-TAV italien est confrontée à une répression féroce. Ce qui se joue, là-bas, comme à NDDL, c’est donc avant tout la liberté des populations à décider pour elles-mêmes. Et cela ne peut pas nous laisser indifférents.

L’aéroport de NDDL et le TAV accroissent l’industrialisation des espaces naturels et la prédominance des marchandises sur les personnes. Ils renient pour toujours la possibilité d’une économie locale et décente. Ils mettent les peuples en concurrence, au lieu de les relier. Ils sont imposé aux populations dans la violence.
De Nantes à Grenoble construisons la résistance face aux grands projets inutiles !

Prochains rendez-vous contre le Lyon-Turin, à Lyon :
- 30 novem­bre et 1er décem­bre : Forum contre la LGV Lyon-Turin. Le ven­dredi 30 novem­bre de 16h à 21h et le 1er décem­bre de 9h à 18h, à l’espace Sarrazin, 8 rue Jean Sarrazin.
- 3 décem­bre : Rassemblement et mani­fes­ta­tion à Lyon. 12h, Gare des Brotteaux, ras­sem­ble­ment contre le sommet de François Hollande et Mario Monti. Repas, assem­blée, prises de paro­les fran­çai­ses et ita­lien­nes, pré­sen­ta­tion des dif­fé­ren­tes luttes et de leurs contex­tes, jeux, tables d’infos... 14h, départ d’une mani­fes­ta­tion fes­tive.

Libeludd, libertaires luddites à Grenoble